maligcong1952Photo by Masfere (Maligcong, 1955)

Since that historical divide which led to the formation of the majority Filipinos and the national minorities, the indigenous peoples of the Cordillera continue to suffer from various forms of national oppression and discrimination.  Because of this, they resist full integration into the wider society and continue to defend their indigenous life, ancestral land and natural resources, cultural integrity and identity against outside forces which seek to assimilate them into the wider oppressive system.  This resolute persistence of indigenous livelihoods, socio-political institutions and cultural practices is in itself an assertion of self-determination