Learning from history


As we celebrate the 32nd Cordillera Day on April 24, 2016, the Cordillera Peoples Alliance (CPA) retraces the culture of courage, bravery and determination of the Cordillera peoples for the defense of land, life and resources. It is by learning these stories of resistance and struggles of our people that we can draw inspiration to continue the unfinished tasks ahead. From 1981 to present, the battle cry of our ancestors for the defense of land, life and resource never changed. More than ever, it is becoming an urgent task to defend the remaining resources from the State and multinational corporations.CD_Ifugao_2015.jpg

History tells us that Cordillera Day was born out of the resistance to State fascism and the attempt by the late dictator Ferdinand Marcos to dam the Chico River. The strong opposition of the Kalinga and Bontok peoples against the World Bank-funded Chico River Basin Hydroelectric Dam Project was met with fascism and other forms of human rights violations against the people. But one event that shaped the Chico Dam struggle was the brutal killing of Macliing Dulag in the evening of April 24, 1980 by then the 4th Infantry Division of the Philippine Army under Lt. Leodegario Adalem in Bugnay, Tinglayan, Kalinga. Dulag was one of the prominent leaders of the Kalinga and Bontok peoples who opposed to the Chico Dam Project during martial law.


Refusing to be cowed, the people organized the Macliing Dulag Memorial from 1981 to 1984.  With the broadening of the Cordillera mass movement encompassing all the provinces of the Cordillera, the commemoration started as Cordillera Day in 1985 to symbolize the widening unity and solidarity among the different indigenous peoples of the Cordillera, and with advocate and support groups at the regional, national and international levels. The first celebration of Cordillera Day was held in Sadanga, Mountain Province in 1985 The year before in June 1984, the Cordillera Peoples Alliance (CPA) was founded and has since taken the lead in the celebration of Cordillera Day.


During the Martial Law years, Cordillera Day became a form of defiance against the Marcos Dictatorship by Cordillera peoples. It further paved way to the broadening, strengthening and forging stronger unity and alliances among tribes, people’s organizations and communities against their common enemies of militarization, development aggression, discrimination and historical government neglect.


In the succeeding years, Cordillera Day became a political solidarity event, several host communities were intimidated and harassed by the military and some government officials. But these circumstances did not discourage the communities to prepare and host Cordillera Day. The celebration of Cordillera Day expanded overseas– a clear manifestation of the growing international solidarity for the Cordillera indigenous people’s movement. For several years already, Cordillera Day has been celebrated in Hongkong, Belgium, Macau, Taiwan, Thailand, Japan and Canada. These are being organized by Cordillera migrants and workers together with international solidarity partners and advocates of Cordillera struggles and indigenous people’s rights.


This rich tradition of the Cordillera Day continues today. More than just a gathering, Cordillera Day is a political statement on present realities by the militant Cordillera peoples’ movement. It carries with it the historical advances of the mass movement for self-determination and national democracy. It is the affirmation of principles and struggles for defense of the ancestral domain and for self-determination and pursues what the Cordillera martyrs and heroes have fought for. The solidarity and camaraderie forged during celebrations serve to enhance the particularity of the Cordillera peoples struggle and to inspire others. At the same time, it strengthens the unity of the Cordillera peoples with other indigenous peoples and sectors across the region, and at the national and international levels. The struggle for the peoples’ aspirations for social justice, genuine development and peace, freedom and democracy are still far from over. Macliing Dulag and all our other martyrs did not die in vain. Cordillera Day and our continuing campaigns and struggles shall be raised to a higher ground until our aspirations become a reality.


This April, Cordillera Day 2016 will be held in provincial and clustered celebrations in Ifugao (April 22, Lamut); Abra (April 24, Dolores); Mountain Province (April 23, Bauko); Kalinga-Apayao (April 24, Tabuk City) and Baguio-Benguet (April 24, Baguio City) and guided by the   theme “Advance Indigenous Peoples’ Struggle for Self-Determination! Onward with the Politics of Change!”


For reference:

Abigail Anongos

Secretary General